Production department in garment industry pdf
Clothing Industry. Different Departments in Garment Industry. Garment technology is a broad based subject because it combines a number of individual technologies, with each making a specialized contribution to the production of garment. The apparel industry is very diverse in nature high voltage dc power supply manufacturers along with textile industries, it forms a complex combination of performing heterogeneous functions of transforming fiber into yarn and then to fabric.
It is one of the oldest and largest industry providing ample employment opportunities and it exemplifies the growth in global manufacturing. This industry is very versatile in nature and offers the world with a choice of garments ranging from mass market to high end fashion.
This industry follows a combination of functional and line type of organization. Garment manufacturing process includes number of processes from order receiving to dispatching shipment of the finished garments. Apparel manufacturing flow chart helps understand a garment manufacturing method that how the raw materials are converted into the wearable garments. The main task for a garment manufacturer is to produce shell structures out of flat fabrics to match the shape of human body.
The overall flowchart of the garment manufacturing process is illustrated in figure Share This:. Email This BlogThis! Labels: Apparel Production. Newer Post Older Post Home.
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Fit may be one of the things that got you interested in making bras in the first place. We all know what a great fitting bra feels like; Like other manufacturing industry, Production planning and Control PPC department is one of the most important department in garment manu Marker Planning in Garment Industry.
Introduction: Marker is a long thin paper which contains all necessary pattern pieces for different sizes for a particular style of gar Introduction of Textile Testing: Types, Objectives Figure Flowchart of the garment manufacturing process. Figure Various garment departments working flowchart.It is the great and innovative thinking. I achieved lots of things from your blog. Thanks a lot for useful post www.
Post a Comment. In the garment industry stitching section is considered as production department. Though fabric cutting and garment finishing sections are part of the garment production department. In this post, I will explain the function of production department. The main function of the production department is stitching garments. But there are many associated activities performed by the production team to run the production floor smoothly.
The major tasks of this department are described here but are not limited to these only. He calculates the machine requirement for the style, based on the garment construction. Stitching line 2. Estimating labour costs Line supervisors calculate the estimated cost per operation. In the piece-rate-production system, the supervisor sets piece rates for stitching operations. Those factories that have industrial engineering departments calculate direct labour costs based on the standard allowed minutes SAM to produce a garment.
Planning and scheduling floor level production The floor in-charge and line supervisors plan the daily production output.
They take information on upcoming orders from merchandisers or the planning department and plan manpower and machine requirements in advance. Setting the line Line supervisors set the sewing line for new orders. Line setting involves the tasks of placing sewing in a sequence, by allocating operators to each machine, giving work to operators and helpers and giving instructions to operators on how to undertake operations and the required stitching quality.
Stitching garments The sewing department stitches garments and makes clothes. Operators sew garments using different types of sewing machines. An operator can be given single or multiple operations to sew.Register Now.Garment Production
Garment production is an organised activity consisting of sequencial processes such as laying, marking, cutting, stitching, checking, finishing, pressing and packaging.
Garment production is an organized activity consisting of sequential processes such as laying, marking, cutting, stitching, checking, finishing, pressing and packaging. This is a process of converting raw materials into finished products. It will be difficult to maintain the industry if production is not, up to the mark if the preproduction phase of preparation of material is not properly carried out. Ready to wear apparel or garment manufacturing involves many processing steps, beginning with the idea or design concept and ending with a finished product.
Garment factories receive fabric from overseas textile manufacturers in large bolts with cardboard or plastic centre tubes or in piles or bags. The fabric typically arrives in steel commercial shipping containers and is unloaded with a forklift.
Production Planning and Control in the Apparel Industry
Garment factories often have a warehouse or dedicated area to store fabric between arrival and manufacturing. Fabric Relaxing.
This step is necessary because the material is continually under tension throughout the various stages of the textile manufacturing process, including weaving, dyeing, and other finishing processes. The relaxing process allows fabrics to shrink so that further shrinkage during customer use is minimized.
Garment manufacturers perform the relaxing process either manually or mechanically. Manual fabric relaxing typically entails loading the bolt of fabric on a spinner and manually feeding the material through a piece of equipment that relieves tension in the fabric as it is pulled through.
Mechanical fabric relaxing performs this same process in an automated manner. Many garment manufacturers will also integrate quality assurance into this process to ensure that the quality of the fabric meets customer standards.
This step is performed by manually spot-checking each bolt of fabric using a backlit surface to identify manufacturing defects such as colour inconsistency or flaws in the material. Fabrics that fail to meet customer standards are returned to the textile manufacturer. Spreading, Form Layout, and Cutting After the fabric has been relaxed, it is transferred to the spreading and cutting area of the garment manufacturing facility.
The fabric is first to cut into uniform plies and then spread either manually or using a computer-controlled system in preparation for the cutting process. The fabric is spread to:. The number of plies in each spread is dependent on the fabric type, spreading method, cutting equipment, and size of the garment order. Next, garment forms—or patterns—are laid out on top of the spread, either manually or programmed into an automated cutting system.
Lastly, the fabric is cut to the shape of the garment forms using either manually operated cutting equipment or a computerized cutting system.
Functions of Production Department in Garment Industry (Stitching Department)
Laying Laying of paper pattern helps one to plan the placement of the pattern pieces in a tentative manner. This is the major operation of the cutting room when they spread and cut into garments.
Of all the operations in the cutting room, this is the most decisive, because once the fabric has been cut, very little can be done to rectify serious defects. Embroidery and screen printing are two processes that occur only if directly specified by the customer; therefore, these processes are commonly subcontracted to off-site facilities. Embroidery is performed using automated equipment, often with many machines concurrently embroidering the same pattern on multiple garments.
Each production line may include between 10 and 20 embroidery stations. Customers may request embroidery to put logos or other embellishments on garments. Screen printing is the process of applying paint-based graphics to fabric using presses and textile dryers. Specifically, screen printing involves sweeping a rubber blade across a porous screen, transferring ink through a stencil and onto the fabric.
The screen printed pieces of fabric are then dried to set the ink. This process may have varying levels of automation or may largely be completed at manually operated stations. Like embroidery, screen printing is wholly determined by the customer and may be requested to put logos or other graphics on garments or to print brand and size information in place of affixing tags.
Sewing Stitching or sewing is done after the cut pieces are bundled according to size, colour and quantities determined by the sewing room.Production planning and control PPC is one of the most important departments in the apparel industry. It plays an important role in apparel export business. It helps to build-up strong relationship with the other departments to obtain maximum output from the export order. Besides, production planning and control department of clothing industry is also responsible for the timely shipment.
There are different types of work like as task scheduling, material resource planning inventoryloading production, process selection and planning, select location, estimating quantity and production cost, capacity planning, line planning, follow up and execution etc are done by production planning and control department.
In this article all process of production planning and control department in garment industry are discussed elaborately. To manage with the short lead time and small but frequent orders, apparel manufacturers strive to improve their production processes in order to deliver finished products within the expected time frame at the lowest production cost. Production planning is therefore gaining importance in contemporary apparel manufacturing. Production planning can be defined as the technique of foreseeing every step in a long series of separate operations, each step to be taken at the right time and in the right place and each operation to be performed with maximum efficiency.
It in a way helps the organization to work out the quantity of material, manpower, machine, and money required for producing a predetermined level of output in a specified period of time. An outline of an apparel production cycle is shown in Fig 2. Fig 2: Outline of an apparel production cycle Managing production in an organization mainly involves planning, organizing, directing, and controlling production activities.
It deals with converting raw materials into finished goods along with proper decision making regarding the qualityquantity, cost, etc. The basic planning process in apparel manufacture includes:. To overcome these obstacles companies can change:.
Production Control in Apparel Industry:. Production control is the process of planning production in advance of operations, establishing the exact way of each individual item part or assembly, setting, starting, and finishing for each important item, assembly or the finishing production, and releasing the necessary orders as well as initiating the necessary follow-up so that the production may run according to the original or revised schedule.
Areas of Production Control:. Follow-up or expediting:. Production planning and control is important for the following reasons —. Tags IE Planning. Facebook Twitter. You might like Show more. Previous Post Next Post. Contact Form. LinkList ul li ul'. Tabify by Templateify v1.It helps a factory to utilize the resource allocation of activities, supply chain, materials, and production.
A garments production planner plays a key role in Garments production, does line plan and execute planning. Production planning department or planner has to send a planning report to mid and Top management. Here I am giving a planning report to understand how to make production planning report. Section wise production planning report is given in the below.
Production planners a person who does production planning in garments as per buyer order. His works started after getting confirmed order. By distributing garments order to every line targeting on time delivery for production based on factory production capacity, using planning software, ERP or spreadsheet Excel. By making sure all necessary items for production in housed, completing all pre-production activities are primary steps execute production planning.
To give on time garments delivery to the customer buyerneed to do accurate production planning in the apparel industry. By excel production planning and production, the report can be done easily.
Amirul Islam. Your email address will not be published. Setting production target and archive on time. Follow up sampling, pre-production activities, cutting, sewing, washing, and finishing according to plan. Update production planning time to time according to the current situation.
Work to implement planning and reduce plan vs actual gap. Distribute production planning to all related production staff and meeting to implement planning. Monitor daily production; make daily production report and tracking section wise production. Achieve on time shipment maintaining production work sequence. Work with merchandising team to QC file as per production lead time and monitor trims-accessories and fabrics in-house status.
Closely monitoring all pre-production activities Size set cutting, PP meeting, Pilot Run and priority-based work progressing. Chase finishing team for on-time final arrangement and ship the goods. Implement production planning and update time to time. How to do a production plan in a garments factory? How to execute garments production planning? Why need to do production planning in the apparel industry?
Different Departments in Garment Industry
How to implement production planning in a garments factory? Ensuring effective planning and work accordingly.Clothing Industry. Production Planning and Control for Garments Industry. These lead firms set up networks by shifting their production to contractors and subcontractors in a variety of exporting countries, which allow them to concentrate on the design for the next generation of clothing, and more importantly on branding, marketing, and advertising.
The apparel and textile industry sector is always under constant pressure and where competition is fierce, there is a chance of rival firms waiting to challenge them. During the heydays of garment production, manufacturers would name the price of a product including their cost price in making the product plus profit. They would offer a range of garments to the retailers.
After the selection was made, the retailer would place an order for a particular product and ask for a bulk delivery on a fixed date, months later. But the present scenario has completely changed.
Now the retailers rule the market and drive the garment supply chain. Because they know exactly what they want in terms of the product, its design, color, pattern, etc. From these issues it was found that most manufacturers and suppliers could not meet the demands of the retailer, which gave rise to dealing with production issues such as lead times, responsiveness, costing factor, improper planning, etc.
In the new world of ever-developing technology and techniques, organizations must consider how to deal with the issues of increased competition, rising customer expectations, and increase in product variety. This chapter will discuss about various production systems, production planning in the apparel industry, supply chain and inventory management and various tools to improve the productivity in the apparel industry.
The several terminologies used in operations planning and scheduling are as follows: Loading: It is the assignment of jobs or processes to various machines or work centres for future processing, giving much attention to the sequence of operations based on the route sheet and the priority sequencing. Sequencing: It is the practice of arriving at the sequence of operation of all jobs at each machine or work centre. It creates the priorities for carrying out the jobs that are waiting in the line at each machine or work centre.
Detailed scheduling: It is the process of defining the starting and finishing time at every work centre, which is possible only after loading and sequencing. Expediting: It is an action necessary to keep the work order to flow through the production line as per the detailed schedule. Delay in production due to equipment breakdown, nonavailability of materials when needed, etc. Input—output control: The input—output plans and schedules require definite capacity levels at a work center, but real utilization could vary from what was planned.
Scheduling techniques: The type of scheduling technique utilized in a job shop is based on the quantity of the received orders, the nature of the process and its complexity. The two types of scheduling techniques are:. Share This:. Email This BlogThis! Labels: Planning.
Newer Post Older Post Home. Search This Blog. Popular Posts. Sewing Machine Parts and Functions with Pictures. There are different types of machine and equipments are used to manufacture garments. Among them sewing machine plays an important role in A n important aspect of quality assurance is to match products with suitable factories.You may already know what a garment factory is in the apparel and fashion industry.
Garment factory is a place where complete garments are made from the fabrics following a chain of processes. A process flowchart will give a better idea of how things are done in a garment factory. As mentioned in the title, this article will show you the different departments of a garment factory. Departments are set-up based on the group of activities to be performed by a team of people.
Further, we will see the various functions of the different departments of a garment unit. Garment manufacturing is a complex process which starts with sample development and end after shipping the finished garments to the buyers. Different departments of a garment factory Here is the list of garment factory departments. These departments include the pre-production departments, production and post-production departments. The supporting departments are also listed here. In the above pre-production and production departments are listed.
To run the factory smoothly, with production departments, one needs to setup some auxiliary departments. Marketing department The marketing department in a garment company is responsible for marketing products made by the factory, finding new customers and bringing more and more orders for the company. A marketing department is headed by the marketing manager and supported marketing team.
They meet with prospects and existing buyers. They show their latest product development designs to the buyer. They are given responsibility for business development for the company. Most common marketplace for manufacturers is international apparel shows and exhibitions, where buyers and sellers meet to find each other.
In the exhibition, buyers pick their interesting design and place order if their target price is met. In this internet age, garment factories build websites for marketing purpose and increase their visibility to potential customers. Small factories post their product in online yellow pages and do content marketing to reach a bigger market. More than just developing new clients, retaining the existing customer is also important. To retain your existing customers, you need to satisfy your customers by shipping quality products and timely delivery and providing quality services.
The main mantra to retain customers and making them marketer for you is to deliver more than you are paid for. Deliver more than commitment and customer expectation. Design department activities Apparel design department is responsible for product development.
They focus on developing garment designs in similar product categories the company does its business. Designers develop new design collection every season. Designers make designs as per the latest trends and buyers test. For big manufacturers, the designing department plays an important role in retaining customers by showing new designs to their buyers in every season.
Designers develop a library for fabrics, trims and accessories, and for garments. Apparel retailers and brands those have own manufacturing set-up, normally set up the design department for developing new designs.